• January 9, 2022

Exclusive Article on “How to prepare for Civil Services (Prelims) Exam”?

Exclusive Article on “How to prepare for Civil Services (Prelims) Exam”?

Civil Service Exam is conducted to select the All India Service officers (IAS and IPS), Group-A Central Service officers(IRS(IT),IRS(C&CS,IAAS etc ) and Group-B service officers by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) every year.

UPSC has released Civil Services (Preliminary) Exam Notification on 02-02-2022 to fill 861 Vacancies.

The Civil Services Examination consists of two successive stages

  1. Preliminary Examination (Objective type) for the selection of candidates for the Main Examination;
  1. Main Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.

Preliminary Examination Pattern:



Paper-I– General Studies- 200 Marks-2 hours
  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science.
Paper-II- Civil services Aptitude Test(CSAT)-200 Marks-2 hours

**(Paper-II is a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%)

  • Comprehension;
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills;
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability;
  • Decision making and problem solving;
  • General mental ability;
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level), Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc.- Class X level);

Generally beginners have little bit confusion how to start preparation, what to read, what books are to read etc.

Here some tips to start preparation.

How to Start:

  • Read Syllabus and identify subject/topics. Recollect the topics you have studied/learnt, so that you can start with those topics.
  • Collect previous papers at least for five years and try to understand the questioning pattern and link them with syllabus.
  • Read Social studies (History, Geography, EVS, Economy and Polity) from 6th to 10th   NCERT or SCERT books and revise at least twice or thrice.
  • Basic Science topics including applied physics and chemistry and Human physiology and latest trends
  • Read daily English News paper (Hindu/Indian Express) and identify useful articles as per syllabus.

Books to Read:


  • NCERT XI & XII text books
  • Certificate Physical and Human Geography by Goh Cheng Leong


  • NCERT IX,X,XI & XII th text books.
  • History of Modern India by Bipan Chandra
  • India ‘s struggle for independence by Bipan Chandra
  • Indian Art and Culture by Nitin Singhania
  • A Brief History of Modern India – Spectrum series


  • Indian Constitution at Work -NCERT Class X th.
  • Constitution of India (Pocket Size) by P.M.Bakshi.
  • Indian Polity by M. Laxmi Kanth
  • Our Constitution by Subhash C. Kashyap


  • Indian Economic development –NCERT XI th
  • Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
  • Indian Economy by Dutt & Sundaram

Science & Technology:

  • Science & Technology by Ashok Singh (TMH)
  • Manorama year book
  • India Year Book S&T Chapter
  • Science Reporter.


  • Magical Book on quicker Maths by Tyra.
  • Aptitude by RS Aggarawal
  • Any CSAT book

Important Year Books & Magazines

  • India year book – Best resource to understand India’s Socio, Economic, Scientific, Ecological, Agricultural Progress
  • Economic Survey- Best Source to understand the Economic policy and Prospect and Progress of India.
  • Yojana – A magazine from Publications division of Government of India discuss on exclusively one topic every month.
  • Manorma Year book.
  • Science reporter magazine- a CSIR magazine gives updates in Science and Technology.
  • Any one current affairs magazine (Monthly) or online current affairs websites.
  • Press Information Bureau website releases

Best Practices 

  • Understand the basic concepts thoroughly by reading simple books
  • Note making-Have a habit of notes preparation and revise at least twice in a week.(one way of writing practice)
  • Time management-Divide the time into slots for different subjects/current affairs (useful to attempt maximum number of questions)
  • Solve previous papers frequently (Improve your solvability)
  • Improve English vocabulary- It will make you to understand swiftly and correctly and to write with good expression.(useful in Main Exam)
  • Practice aptitude and reasoning
  • Practice to think rationally to identify problem and solution.
  • Observe the happenings around the world.(easy to understand the current affairs)
  • Fill the mind with positive thoughts and inspire yourself to do service to the nation.(Retain the Goal with you)
  • Listen to good voices /news and have conversation with few good friends on topics relevant to preparation. (Later it will be useful at Interview)
  • Revise frequently whatever to read
  • Check preparation frequently whether it is moving according to syllabus or not.
  • Upgrade your preparation quality and content.


(Follow this website for further updates on civil services exam )




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