• April 20, 2022

Top Agricultural Research Institutes in India and their research areas

Top Agricultural Research Institutes in India and their research areas

Indian agriculture and rural life have undergone tremendous transformation since independence.  India transformed from the status of grain importing country to grains exporting country. Agricultural research and development since independence and the introduction of revolutionary steps in the Agriculture and its allied sectors like introduction of Green revolution and white revolution made the India self sustainable.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) is continuously working on improving the crop improvement and to solve the challenges related to agriculture. Government of India has established numbers of research institutes to provide innovative technologies not only for sustainable agriculture but also climate smart technologies for mitigation of effects of climate change on agriculture.

The famous Agricultural Research Institutes and their research areas are as follows:

S. No

Name of the Research Institutes

Research areas


Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi Genetics & Plant Breeding; Plant Pathology; Microbiology; Post Harvest Technology


Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bangalore, Karnataka Horticultural Research: Biotechnology; Entomology; Pathology


National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) Management and Use, Policy Issues on Exchange of Genetic Resources


National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana Dairy & Food Technology; Dairy Microbiology; Artificial Animal Breeding; Animal Reproduction; Animal Biotechnology; Animal Genomics; Animal Nutrition


Forest Research Institute (FRI), Dehradun, Uttarakhand Forest Management, Menstruation and JFM Silviculture, Agro Forestry and Urban Forestry, Climate Change, Wood Science and Technology, Biodiversity Conservation, Forest Protection, Chemistry of Natural Product, NWFP; Ecology and Environment, Forest Genetics and Tree Propagation


Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu Agricultural Process Engineering; Incubation Center for Processing of Horticultural Crops; Extrusion Technology; Processing of Cereals, Pulses and Millets


International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, (ICRISAT) Hyderabad,  Telangana Crops genomics and molecular breeding


Indian Institute of Spices Research, Kozhikode (Calicut), Kerala Conservation, Development of varieties of high yield, quality and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses through conventional and biotechnological approaches; Development of agro techniques for increasing production and productivity.


Indian Institute of Soil Science, (IISS), Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.


Environmental soil science; Soil Chemistry and fertility; Study of Organic and inorganic nutrient sources affect soil biological activity; effect on runoff; soil and nitrogen losses; Crop productivity in organic farming; Soil physics.


National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR), New Delhi


Structural and Functional Genomics in plants; Computational Biology; Genome Analysis and Molecular Mapping; Molecular Mechanism of Abiotic Stress Responses; Nutritional Genomics; Plant Development and Architecture; Plant Immunity; Molecular Breeding; Transgenics for crop improvement and other emerging areas based on plant genomics


Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh Veterinary Research: Molecular Diagnosis for Animal Diseases; Rumen Microbes and Their Role in Feed Degradation; Fracture Management in Large Animals; Rapid Detection of Food Borne and Zoonotic Pathogens; Stem Cell Research and Therapeutic Use


Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Raibarel, Lucknow Development of package of practices for higher cane sugar production; Development of low cost technologies for sugarcane production; Intensifying and extending the networking facility and information generation for transfer of technology to the farmers and sugar industry


Agharkar Research Institute,  Pune, Maharashtra


Biodiversity & Palaeobiology, Bioenergy, Bioprospecting, Development Biology, Genetics & Plant Breeding, Nan bioscience


Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh


Development of Agro-forestry models; Genetics and Plant Propagation; Forest Pathology;  Silviculture and joint Forest Management; Sustainable harvesting and cultivation techniques; Forest Entomology; Forest Ecology and rehabilitation; studies on plant diversity, enthnobotany, ecotones, influence of climate change on biodiversity, documentation of indigenous traditional knowledge of plant resources


Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Kochi, Kerala Marine fish catch estimation and  Sampling; Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management (EAFM);  Taxonomy, Cage culture and Integrated Multitrophic Aquaculture (IMTA);conservation.


Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh Applied research for developing technologies to enhance productivity of vegetable crops; their nutrient quality; post harvest management and value addition


Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR) Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh Genetics & Plant Breeding and Seed Science & Technology; Plant Biotechnology; Agronomy and social science; ecology, biology and management of major insect pests;

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Central Institute on Fisheries Education, Mumbai Diversification of aquaculture; Biodiversity assessment and conservation; Application of Nanotechnology and biotechnology; Nutraceuticals and nutrigenomics; Genetic Improvement and Genomics; Climate Change and Adaptations;


National Rice Research Institute, Cuttack Biochemistry, Blue green algae, Entomology, Food technology, Nematology, Physiology, Plant breeding and genetics, Plant pathology and mycology


Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry Biotechnology, Biochemistry and Smoke Research

Apart from the above institutes , number of institutes and colleges are functioning under ICAR and Ministry of Agriculture to improve the technologies related to the crop production, yield and climate resilient crops to achieve the sustainability in the Agriculture.








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