• March 8, 2022

Dr.Abdul Kalam Island- the “Theatre of Action”

Dr.Abdul Kalam Island- the “Theatre of Action”

Dr.A.P.J  Abdul Kalam was an Indian aerospace scientist who served as the 11th president of India and he was also a former chairman of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). Dr.Kalam is also called as “the Missile Man of India” for his work on development of India’s civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He was deeply involved in the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.



The island located in the Bay of Bengal is named after Dr.Abdul Kalam. Read further to learn where it is located and what the importance of the island is?


Dr.Abdul Kalam Island is located approximately 10 km off the coast of Odisha in Bay of Bengal near to Balasore. Dr.Abdul Kalam Island was formerly known as Wheeler Island i.e it was named after English commandant Lieutenant Hugh Wheeler but on 4 September 2015, the island was renamed as Dr.Abdul Kalam Island to honour the former Indian president Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.

wheeler island


The island is in the control of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).The DRDO was constructed the Integrated Test Range (ITR) missile testing facility i.e an Indian defence laboratory on the island to launch for testing and evaluation of performance of rockets, missiles and air-borne weapon system.


The first missile test conducted on Abdul Kalam Island was the successful test of the Prithvi missile on 30 November 1993. Since then the island serves as the test facility for most of India’s missiles such as the Akash, Agni, Astra, BrahMos, Nirbhay, Prahaar, Prithvi, Shaurya Missile, Advanced Air Defence, Prithvi Air Defence, and ASAT missiles.

Abdul Kalam referred to the island as his “Theatre of Action”.



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