- March 19, 2022
Twice Noble Prize awarded laureates
Alfred Nobel was an inventor, entrepreneur, scientist, businessman and writer. He invented the most important explosives of the world i.e Dynamite. On 27 November 1895, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, giving the largest share of his wealth to a series of prizes in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace – the Nobel Prizes.
Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been honoring men and women from around the world for outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and for work in peace.
In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields. Though the Nobel Prizes in six categories were awarded 609 times between 1901 and 2021, only 4 laureates received the prize twice.
Read to find who they are…
Marie Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and the only woman to win the Nobel Prize twice, and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two scientific fields.
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 in recognition for her research on the radiation phenomena jointly with the other two scientists.
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911 in recognition of her services to the advancement of chemistry by the discovery of the elements radium and polonium
Linus Carl Pauling
Linus Carl Pauling was an American chemist and peace activist, one of the founders of the fields of quantum chemistry and molecular biology. Among four ,he is the only person to have been awarded two unshared Nobel Prizes and one of two people to be awarded Nobel Prizes in different fields ( Chemistry & Peace), the other being Marie Curie.
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1954 was awarded “for his research into the nature of the chemical bond and its application to the elucidation of the structure of complex substances.”
- The Nobel Peace Prize 1962 was awarded “for his fight against the nuclear arms race between East and West.”
John Bardeen was an American engineer and physicist. He is the only person awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice.
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 was awarded to John Bardeen jointly with two other scientists for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect.
- The Nobel Prize in Physics 1972 was awarded to John Bardeen jointly with two other scientists for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory.
Frederick Sanger was an English biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice and he is one of only two people to receive the prize twice in the same category.
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1958 was awarded “for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin.”
- The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980 was awarded to Frederick Sanger jointly with other scientist (half prize) “for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids and other half prize was awarded to Paul Berg.